Mathematics can sometimes be a tricky subject, but with the right techniques and a little practice, your child can conquer it and excel in their Primary 5 Maths exams. One common type of question that appears in these exams is the 2-mark question, which requires you to apply your knowledge and problem-solving skills effectively.

In this article, we’ll explore five valuable tips and techniques to help you ace those 2-mark questions in Primary 5 Maths. Parents, pay attention too, as you can play a crucial role in supporting your child’s Math journey.

## Primary 5 Math Tips and Techniques

### 1. Read the Question Carefully

The first and most crucial step in solving 2-mark questions is to read the question carefully. Pay close attention to the details, such as units of measurement and the specific format of the answer required. For example, if the question asks for an answer in a particular unit, make sure you convert your answer to that unit. Avoid common mistakes like expressing the final answer in a 24-hour clock format when it should be a 12-hour clock format. Let’s consider an example:

Example: Mr. Jacob took 18 hours to complete a jigsaw puzzle. He started at 11:35. What time did he complete the jigsaw puzzle?

Common Mistake: Expressing the final answer as a 24-hour clock. Always look at what they are asking for in the final answer; in this case, it is a 12-hour clock.

### 2. Identify Keywords and Phrases

Pay attention to any keywords or phrases in the question that can help you identify the correct approach to solve the problem. These keywords can guide you in choosing the right mathematical technique to apply. Let’s look at an example:

Example: The ratio of John’s age to Max’s age now is 5:3. Ten years later, the ratio of their ages was 10:7. How old will John be in 2 years’ time?

Tip: The age difference between two people always remains unchanged. So, we find the difference and make the units representing the difference the same for both ratios.

Solution:

### 3. Convert Units to Standardise

For simplified calculations, it’s often beneficial to standardise the units of the items in the question. This makes it easier to compare and work with the given data.

Example:

### 4. Use Diagrams and Models

Diagrams and models can be your best friends when it comes to solving Math problems, especially if you’re a visual learner. Try to draw diagrams or models that represent the problem and use them to visualise the solution. Here’s an example:

Example: Mr. Lim bought 3 hard disks and an iPad for $1540. An iPad costs $840 more than a hard disk. Find the cost of 2 hard disks.

Tip: Try drawing a model for 1 hard disk and 1 iPad first. Then, stack more units according to the quantity in the question.

Solution:

### 5. Remember Important Formulas

While it’s essential to understand the concepts behind mathematical formulas, memorizing certain formulas can be a valuable asset. Here are some essential formulas for Primary 5 Math:

Perimeter of a rectangle = 2 (length + breadth)

Area of a rectangle = length × breadth

Perimeter of a square = 4 × length

Area of a square = length × length

Volume of a cube = length × length × length

Volume of a Cuboid = length × breadth × height

Total = Average × Quantity

Area of a Triangle = 1/2 × base × height

However, always remember that memorizing formulas alone may not be sufficient. Understanding when and how to apply these formulas to different types of questions is equally important.

However, always remember that memorizing formulas alone may not be sufficient. Understanding when and how to apply these formulas to different types of questions is equally important.

By following these five tips and Primary 5 Maths techniques, you’ll be better equipped to tackle those 2-mark questions in Primary 5 Maths with confidence. Remember that practice makes perfect, so keep working on your Math skills, and soon you’ll find yourself acing those exams! Parents, your support and encouragement can make a significant difference in your child’s Math journey, so be sure to get involved and provide guidance when needed.

Happy Math-solving!

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