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Top PSLE English Synthesis and Transformation Questions

Updated: Mar 21

Preparing for the Primary School Leaving Examination (PSLE) can be a daunting task for many students, especially when it comes to tackling Synthesis and Transformation questions. These questions not only test students' understanding of grammar rules and sentence structures but also their ability to express ideas accurately and concisely. In this article, we'll delve into some of the top PSLE synthesis and transformation questions from recent years, focusing on those from 2021 to 2023, and explore the strategies to approach them effectively.

Synthesis and Transformation Questions

Understanding PSLE English Synthesis and Transformation

P6 Synthesis and Transformation questions assess a student's proficiency in rewriting sentences while retaining the original meaning. They require candidates to demonstrate their grasp of various grammatical structures, vocabulary, and sentence patterns. Often, these Synthesis and Transformation P6 questions involve altering the form, structure, or word choice of a given sentence to convey the same message using different words or phrases.

Key Components of Synthesis and Transformation

Before delving into specific examples, it's essential to understand the key components involved in Synthesis and Transformation questions:

  1. Word Class Transformation: This involves changing the form of words, such as verbs to nouns or adjectives to adverbs while maintaining the original meaning of the sentence.

  2. Collocation: Understanding common word combinations or phrases and using them appropriately in rewritten sentences.

  3. Sentence Restructuring: Rewriting sentences by changing the structure or order of words and phrases to convey the same message differently.

  4. Maintaining Meaning: Ensuring that the rewritten sentence conveys the same message as the original, albeit with different wording.

Understanding PSLE Synthesis and Transformation

Tricky S&T Questions (PSLE 2021-2023)

Now, let's explore some PSLE synthesis and transformation questions from recent years and dissect the strategies used to solve them effectively.


Rita decided to keep quiet. She did not want to argue with her sister.

  • Transformation: Rita decided to keep quiet instead of arguing with her sister.

  • Key Point: Utilizing a prepositional phrase "instead of" to convey the choice between two actions.

  • Word Class Transformation: Changing the verb "argue" to the gerund form "arguing" while maintaining meaning.

“What are your plans after school?” Mrs Sim asked her students.

  • Transformation: Mrs Sim asked her students what their plans after school were.

  • Key Point: Changing from the second-person pronoun "your" to the third-person pronoun "their" and reordering the sentence for interrogative form.

  • Maintaining Meaning: Ensuring the question structure remains intact with the subject followed by the verb.


The diver adjusted his goggles slightly before entering the water.

  • Transformation: The diver made slight adjustments to his goggles before entering the water.

  • Key Point: Replacing the adverb "slightly" with the noun phrase "slight adjustments" while maintaining meaning.

  • Word Class Transformation: Converting the verb "adjusted" to a noun phrase without altering the sentence's essence.

The meeting concluded only in the evening.

  • Transformation: The meeting came to a conclusion only in the evening.

  • Key Point: Changing the verb "concluded" to the noun "conclusion" while preserving the original meaning.

  • Word Class Transformation: Transforming the verb into a noun to maintain coherence in the sentence.

Tricky S&T Questions (PSLE 2021-2023)


Elia was not careful. She broke the eggs.

  • Transformation: Elia broke the eggs because of her carelessness.

  • Key Point: Introducing the cause-effect relationship and using a noun ("carelessness") instead of the adjective phrase ("not careful").

  • Word Class Transformation: Changing the adjective "not careful" to the noun "carelessness" to convey the reason for the action.

If it rains, the outing to the beach will be called off.

  • Transformation: The outing to the beach will be called off in the event of rain.

  • Key Point: Restructuring the sentence using the collocation "in the event of" to indicate a condition.

  • Collocation: Utilizing the phrase "in the event of" followed by "rain" to convey the conditional scenario.

Strategies for Success

Strategies for Success

Mastering Synthesis and Transformation questions requires consistent practice and a solid understanding of grammar rules and sentence structures. Here are some strategies to excel in these questions:

  1. Understand the Context: Pay close attention to the context and meaning conveyed in the original sentence to ensure accuracy in the rewritten version.

  2. Identify Key Components: Identify the key components such as subject, verb, object, and conjunctions in the original sentence to facilitate restructuring.

  3. Practice Regularly: Practice various synthesis and transformation exercises to familiarise yourself with different sentence structures and word forms.

  4. Review Grammar Rules: Brush up on grammar rules related to word class transformation, collocations, and sentence restructuring to enhance proficiency.

  5. Check for Clarity and Conciseness: Ensure that the rewritten sentence is clear, concise, and maintains the original meaning without ambiguity.

By incorporating these strategies into your preparation routine and practising regularly, you can boost your confidence and proficiency in tackling PSLE Synthesis and Transformation questions effectively.

Mastering Synthesis and Transformation questions

Mastering Synthesis and Transformation questions is crucial for excelling in the PSLE English examination. By understanding the underlying principles, practising consistently, and employing effective strategies, students can confidently approach these questions and achieve success in their exams.

Parents seeking to provide their Primary students with the best English education should consider enrolling them in the AGrader Learning Centre Primary English Tuition Programme, where they gain access to an all-in-one English study system that covers key exam sections such as oral, cloze, grammar, comprehension, and word order. This comprehensive approach ensures that students receive holistic support in their English learning journey, enabling them to achieve top marks effortlessly.

The AGrader Learning Centre has benefited thousands of students

The AGrader Learning Centre has benefited thousands of students, helping them not only excel in English but also develop a genuine love for the language. Even students who previously struggled with English have experienced remarkable improvements in their performance. By enrolling your child in AGrader's Primary English Tuition Programme, you can provide them with the tools and support they need to thrive academically and unlock their full potential in English.

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